| The Home and Tribal
Affairs Department was set up with a vision towards law
and order which is the prime duty of any state/government
so that the related departments and agencies are able
to function positively for achieving overall goals and
objectives efficiently and effectively. This is the foremost
and focal point in managing the affairs of provincial
government, administering justice and reforming the society
through the application of enacted or customary laws/rules
recognized by government and society as binding.
As mentioned earlier, owing to sudden political changes
various strategies, policies, plans and programs came
to lime light during the past five decades. It may be
appreciated that one single strategy, policy, plan or
program cannot possibly achieve the pre-conceived goals
and objectives. Hence, the government adopts a variety
of strategies, policies, plans and programs. These include;
a) Forceful and curative strategies where harsh management
or the stick is grossly used.
b) Preventive measures creating deterrence amongst
the criminals and the unruly.
d) Promotive or motivational strategies though seldom
adopted yet important for good governance.
It may be said confidently that with meager resources
(human, material, financial and technical) this department
in the NWFP has achieved its objectives to a fair degree.
There is a dire need to improve the structure and performance
of both (I) Police and (II) the criminal justice.
Different strategies are adopted in dealing with unruly
individuals and groups. As mentioned above the seven
major strategies are applied according to the situation
perceived on the ground.
- The forceful curative measures are authoritative
with emphasis on the application of law/rules and
regulations. This creates deterrence and generally
dependent on the use of stick, the lathi and even
- Preventive measures could be both positive as well
as negative. These could be (a) motivational or
(b) creating fear amongst those who are NOT law abiding.
- Supportive strategies generally adopted in the West
are rare in this part of the world. Here the government
has to listen to the violent criminals and modify
its techniques with a view to reform them. Under this
strategy the government Vs criminal relationship (negative)
is transformed into a Doctor/Patient relationship
(positive) and the patient/criminal/s is/are treated.
- Consultative strategies are generally geared with
violent labour, student and other ethnic groups. Two-way
communication is developed with major interest and
pressure groups, which helps in diagnosing the problem
and evolving workable solutions in order to overcome
- Participative strategies, which are also consultative
in nature, are adopted to achieve the objectives amicably.
In this part of the world “Jirga” –
(group of elders) play a pivotal role in problem resolution
and crisis management at the district or grass root
- The Laissez Faire or “Let Alone” strategies
where the interest and pressure groups are allowed
to evolve their own specific solutions and modify
their conduct according to law. Here the government
exercises least intervention and the role of the press,
electronic media, social, religious and international
institutions in resolving critical situations is significant.