Ayubia National Park, Galliat District Abbottabad.
Ayubia National Park is situated in district Abbottabad of the NWFP. It covers an area of about 1,684 hectares. This area was notified as National Park in 1984. The park is being managed by NWFP Wildlife department. The area is a representative of moist temperate forests and associated wildlife. Major flora of the park includes Kail, Spruce, Fir, Deodar, Oaks, Ulmas species and other ground vegetation. The major fauna of this area includes Koklas Pheasent, Kalij Pheasent, Martin, Common Leopard, Rhesus monkey and Flying Squirrels. There is also a wildlife information center which is housed with stuffed specimens and awareness materials. Major threats to the park includes fuel wood collection by local communities, overgrazing, unorganized tours, pollution by visitors and trapping of Pheasents.
Saiful Malook & Lulusar-Dodipat National Park, Naran, District Mansehra.
Saiful Malook, Lulusar, Dodipat National Parks are located in the eastern section of NWFP. These National Parks were created in 2003 with an area of 88000 hectare. The National Parks are representative of alpine ecosystem having excellent landscaping due to having Lakes. These lakes have significant ecological importance by serving as wetland and staging ground of migratory waterfowl. The National parks are visited by large number of visitors specially from May to September. This adds to the socio-economic uplift of the local people.
Due to heavy erosion and degradation natural lakes of Kaghan valley are under tremendous threat of sedimentation and life. Saif ul Muluk, Lulusar and Dudipatsar are internationally recognized Natural reservoirs of the area that are source of attraction for all visitors from inside country and abroad.
Fauna of the Parks: key biodiversity of the alpine/temperate ecosystems of the Parks include Snow leopard, Black bear, Marmot, Weasel, Lynx, Leopard, Himalayan Snow cock, Snow partridge etc.
Flora of the Parks: The flora of the region consist of Alpine Climax Forest and associated shrubs and Herbs.
Chitral Gol National Park District Chitral.
Chitral Gol National park is situated in district Chitral, the Northern most District of NWFP, about 3 Km west of Chitral Town. The park is spread over an area of about 7,750 hectares. The elevation of the park ranges from about 1,500m to 4,979m. There are 24 peaks in this park which exceeds 3,00m elevation. It was initially declared as a wildlife sanctuary on 23 December 1971 and as a national park in 1984.
Flora: The dry temperate oak Queracus ilex forest, Cedrus deodara and Pinus gerardiana. At higher altitude, the pine is replaced by Juniperus macropoda scrub. Above the tree line at 3,350m occur Salix species,viburnum cotonifolium and Juniperus communis along with numerous herbs.
Fuana: Chitral is famous for its Markhor. Other species are Ibex, Urial, Black Bear occur in very small number. The status of snow leopard is seriously threatened. Wolves also occur in the park. Livestock grazing, Firewood collection and poaching is major threat to the park.
Tanda Wildlife Park, District Kohat.
Tanda wildlife park is located near Kohat city. The total area of the park is 2800 acres, consisting of Tanda reservoir and its catchments in Kohat. Tanda wildlife park is the largest wildlife park of NWFP. It is wonderfully rich and varied landscape supports a range of mammals and birds, both migratory and indigenous moreover the park also support a few reptile. The park is bounded by three different villages i.e Bar, Kaghazi and Tanda Banda. The park is approachable by Hangu-kaghazi metallic road i.ef shahpur-Bar road which is 18 km from Kohat.the local people do not have any right of grazing, lopping or firewood collection as the ownership lies with the provincial Government. The park area falls in the natural habitat of Urial and Chinkara, and also provide suitable habitat to Hog Deer. The Urial is associated with Scrub forest of Olea spcies and Accassia species. Urial were once abundant in the area but due to continous habitat destruction these were disappeared from the area in the near past. The natural habitat of Urial and Chinkkara lies in close proximity of Human habitation. The park plays an important role in wildlife conservation and awareness raising.
Flora of the Park: Accasia modesta, Prosopis juliflora, Monitheca buxifolia, Olea ferruginea, Salvadora persica, Zizyphus nummularia, Saccharum munja,
Fauna of the Park: jungle cat, jackal, Hare, Porcupine, Fox, Mongoos, Cobra, Black partridge, Grey Partridge, Chukar Partridge, Seesee Partridge, Common Crane, Demoiselle Crane, Geese, Grey Heron, Intermediate Egret, Little Egret, White Cheecked Bulbul, Ducks and Swans.
In addition to the above, Chinkara, Hog Deer, Blue Bull and Urial have also been procured and released in the enclosure of Tanda Wildlife Park.
Kotal Wildlife Park, District Kohat.
Manglot Wildlife Park, Nizampur, District Nowshera.
Nizampur Wildlife Park is located in the District Nowshera at a Distance of 40 Km (metalled Road) from Attock Bridge. The Park comprises of Khwara Reserved forest (Swery beet, Maroba beet, Piran beet) having total area of 6456 acres. The tract Occurs between 710 56' and 330 47' North latitude and 710 58’ and 330 45' East longitude.
The tract is mostly mountainous and the mountain range runs in East-west direction. Elevation of the tract ranges from 700 feet to 3000 feet.
Nizampur wildlife park provides undisturbed, semi-natural habitat to chinkara, urial and goral. The park is intended to harbor and conserve the extant wildlife species including chukar partridge, grey partridge, hare, fox, monitor lizard. Vegetation of the forest predominantly include Acacia modesta, Zizyphus nummelaria, Olea cuspidate, Deodonia viscose and Monothica boxifolia.
The indigenous wild animals including urial, chinkara and goral have been extinct from the area since long. The park has significant contribution towards the objectives of wildlife conservation through propagation of endangered species and reintroduction thereof. The park also provides recreational and research opportunities to the interested groups.
Kund Wildlife Park, District Nowshera.
Kund Park lies at the confluence of River Indus and River Kabul near Khairabad. The Park was established by Peshawar Development Authority over an area of 176 acres including a few lawns, 4 huts and a restaurant. Peshawar Development Authority handed this Park to Sarhad Tourism Corporation (STC) for the promotion of Tourism in the Province. Keeping in view the ideal location of the Park for display and propagation of several species of wildlife for promoting conservation awareness and providing recreation opportunities, the NWFP Wildlife Department has displayed a number of wildlife species in the Park including Common leopard, Chinkara gazelle, Spotted deer, Hog deer, Black buck, Golden pheasant, Silver pheasant, Ring-necked pheasant, Kalij pheasant, Cheer pheasant, Lady Amhrest, Blue peacock, White peacock, Black shoulder peacock, Ruddy shelduck, Barheaded geese, Cranes and Partridges. Lack of recreational opportunities and absence of Zoological Garden in Peshawar has further enhanced the importance of Kund Wildlife Park and this Park has become major attraction for nature tourists.
The Wildlife Department has also established a Bear center within the Park with the assistance of WSPA. This center is the only facility in Pakistan for the confiscated bears and is serving as deterrent to the poaching and trapping of wild bears. This center is also providing recreation, conservation awareness, research and education facilities
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